Thursday, July 9, 2020

Engineering Research Proposal - 1650 Words

Engineering (Research Proposal Sample) Content: NAME OF THE INSTITUTION NGING UNDR UNRTINTY: BSRVTIN RVIWBY STUDENT NAME (Description of the Study) STUDY LEVEL COURSE NAME DATE Observation Summary (300 words)Analytical WritingThe Theory of bounded rationalityNature of decision makingDecision making processesUncertainty and riskDecision Making Process What decision you would have made in this decision (Use the theory of bounded rationality to reflect on your reason for decision making)Observation SummaryThis study is a review of the nature of projects that take place in the construction industry. It uses the case study of Amco Engineering Company Ltd, a construction company in the United Kingdom. Amco is a company that engages in a multiple operations in the areas of Civil Engineering, electrical engineering and mechanical solutions to a variety of industries. It engages in both construction works and project management. Some of the challenges that Amco deals with so often is in provide quality service to all its m any clients. This study focuses on a specific factor that influenced critical decision making in two years ago. Being a contactor that companies prefer, it had to complete two construction works at the same time. The project manager realized that unless they rescheduled one of the construction tasks, a conflict was inevitable between the two and both clients of the companies were threatening to pull out. The project manager made a request to the human resources to employ additional staff on temporary contract to enable them complete the two tasks simultaneously. The Human resources forwarded the decision to the executive board for consideration, where it took two weeks and three days for the board to finally arrive at the final decision. The human resources department approved the request, and recruited temporary staff that assisted in the site based tasks at the construction sites. This decision was very critical for Amco Engineering because it was at a risk of losing two pillar cl ients concurrently. The cost implication of the decision was less than the value that it rescued by maintaining the clients. The two clients never quitted the company as they had threatened, since the level of client service that they obtained was satisfactory. In essence, the factor that influenced the move to make that decision was the influx in the order numbers and sizes versus the shortage of workforce to match the amount of work.The Theory of bounded rationality-Explain the decision making process in this situationAs it is in the theory of bounded rationality, a decision making process recognizes that the individuals have limited rationalities due to the limited information they possess. Their mental cognitive abilities are also limited. This theory also explains that individuals have limited amount time to make decisions. However, the theory of bounded rationality maintains that in spite of the limitations of a man, decision making is a completely rational process of obtainin g an optimal decision solution depending on the accessible information. In the real sense, decision makers usually seek satisfactory decision instead of the optimal choices. In this study, the theory of bounded rationality applies in the nature of the decision making and the processes of looking for optimal decision. Nature of decision makingThe kind of decision that the project management team and the construction engineers had to make was a critical one. It required quick response, but because of the limitations in discretions, the team had to follow a chain of bureaucracy. It had to contact the Human Resources, which again presented the request before the board. Despite the urgency of the decision, it took two more weeks to complete the decision process. The team was aware of the optimal solution they expected but could not have arrived instantly. This indeed is how the theory of bounded rationality applies in the scenario at AMCO Engineering Company. There was another limitation in terms of time. Human resource did not have sufficient time to explore the parameters that warranted recruitment of more staff. Another limitation was in the cognitive capabilities. It could not relate different parameters at the same time to determine whether their decision was optimal or merely satisfactory. Perhaps there was a different idea which could have yielded better returns that the quick choice of staff recruitment. Cognitive limitation manifested in the board sitting as well because even during the two weeks of deliberation, they never saw the need to survey the situation on the ground. They never approached the two clients to negotiate deals with them, but implemented an idea that had not stood the test of time.Decision making processesThe decision making process in the company began at the point of problem identification. The project management team managed to establish that the challenge was the work load they had in serving the two company clients concurrently. T here was a risk of delivering poor service to clients, which could have escalated to them withdrawing from AMCO. After the identification, the team leader took the next step of formulating a formal request to the relevant entity, that is, human resources department. The next step was for Human resources to involve the senior and executive decision makers, who are members of the board. The board had to sit in committees to discuss the implications of the decision on the company performance, compared to the benefits the company was going to have. Having confirmed that it was a rational decision, they approved the proposal, and allowed Human resources to proceed with the recruitment process.Uncertainty and riskThere were possible risks that the team had to grapple with in the process of pursuing the optimal decision. Of course, the first risk is the possibility of losing the clients. The impact of the risk could have been critically high, considering that the two were the pillar client s of AMCO by that time. Secondly, the decision to recruit more staff had not gone through the right channel of critical analysis. There was limitation in the time, and every action had to be extremely quick. This was a risk to the entire company, because it would cause a sudden increase in staff overhead. This had a negative influence on the overall performance of the company, in a temporary process of salvaging its reputation. Even before deciding to approach the Human resources with a proposal to recruit temporary employees, there was a risk of incurring a long bureaucratic process of making the board of directors to make approvals. Implementing a new idea requires risk analysis and a standard approval policy to govern the nature of decisions that a company has. This is a preventive risk management control. It is cheaper and more effective than corrective remedies after experiencing a loss. The amount spent on paying new staff was not in the mind of decision makers at the beginnin g of the year. It is a risk of implementing budgets without control. The decision I would have made in this decision (Using the theory of bounded rationality to reflect on your reason for decision making)Managing a company definitely involves a struggle to overcome uncertainties. So often, decision makers come across situations where they have to make critical decisions within limited times and with limited resources. The situation at AMCO Engineering was a typical illustration of management within uncertainties. Before making any decision, it is logical to engage the construction team in a discussion to establish their strategic plan. Through th...

Thursday, July 2, 2020

Bubonic Plague - An Overview - Free Essay Example

Many people see the Black Death as a devastating event that occurred in the past. In todays world, no one has physically been through the Bubonic Plague, but reading, seeing and hearing about it gives chills to people. There were many effects of the Black Death that was extremely horrifying. People were affected in many ways. The Black Death was affecting society socially, economically and in health by the Black Death. When people hear the phrase Black Death, they think about individuals who were killed because of this awful disease that spread throughout Europe and Asia back in the day. People back then were happy because there was a lot of social interaction with other people. Men would be working with their coworkers while women and children were at home interacting with their neighbors. Nowadays, people are using technology as a means to communicate with people who are around them and also far away. Studies have shown that in todays digital age the importance of face-to-face communication seems to be fading (Ashton 2013). However, in the past, it was not a problem because people would go to each others houses and have conversations that would last for quite some time. When the Bubonic Plague arrived, visiting each others places decreased because people were genuinely afraid that this disease might affect their loved ones. In fact, people abandoned their friends and family, fled cities, and shut themselves off from the world in order to escape the plague (Decameron 2010). This disease was socially affecting the society because it made communication really weak and it also decreased it as a whole. During this whole-time frame, people were not only going through the Bubonic Plague, but they were also going through depression, isolation and ignoring the fact that the Black Death existed. The society was already in shock about how people were just dying so quickly that they decided not to acknowledge this. Instead, they would enjoy themselves by drinking, eating, dancing, having fun and doing all various kinds of things that would distract them from thinking about the Bubonic Plague. Some people would cry their hearts about because they lost their loved ones. Other people would just lock themselves and their families up to prevent them from getting the disease. The Black Death affected the society in ways where people would not know how to respond to these happenings. People w ould not have any words to say anything about it because they were frightened, disturbed, reluctant and unhappy. Them experiencing all of these emotions at the same time was unexpected and destructive. Todays economy is really different than the economy back in the day. As usual, the economy goes up and down and is not really consistent. In the past, an individual would get a job based on their class. However, when the Bubonic Plague arrived, everything changed. Laborers were demanding for more money since there were fewer people to work. In fact, the Black Death made the lower-class gain money and the upper class lose money because they had fewer people to work but had to give more money since wages were rising. During that time, the serfs were the ones who were at a benefit the most because they were no longer tied to one master; if one left the land, another lord would instantly hire them. In this way, they were making money and saving it as well since there was a need for workers during that period. The Black Death also had an impact on the Kings because they were the ones who were holding the economy together due to the fact, they had all of the money. Another tragic incident that was happening with families was that they were losing the sons of the family because the plague was really contagious that it could jump on any person any time and anywhere. It got to the point, where people would not go to the market to trade, go to hospitals to get checkups done, or any special event because everyone thought that the end of the world is here, and they wanted to survive from it. Studies have shown that the Black Death had killed between seventeen to twenty-eight million people. The Plague had many negative effects economically, however; it also had positive effects on places that were not built to be surrounded by a huge crowd of people. During that time, people who could afford a living lived in cities that were advanced on a higher level. Once the plague came, it ruined those good cities because they were infected of the plague. Consequently, those cities and towns that were not well developed were starting to get developed because there was a less chance of getting infected after all there was not a huge population over there. Those rural cities and towns were rising and cities that were infected of the plague were falling. In this way, small towns and cities grew, while large estates and manors began to collapse (Pests 2018). The Black Death made some people grow economically, and some not grow. The Bubonic Plague was a terrifying event in history because it had changed many things in the past. The Black Death changed countries socially and economically that had a massive impact on the coming years back then and today. In todays world, the Black Death is remembered as a heartbreaking occurrence that will be given honor today and in the future.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Authors writing about God Essay - 1006 Words

nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;All of the authors we have conversed about in class and studied about at home are connected in at least one way, if not many more. For example, Anne Bradstreet, Jonathan Edwards, Michael Wigglesworth and John Winthrop all write about God and the way we should all act and the simple fact that we all need to be Christians and so must the Indians who occupy their lives. Where as these authors are writers of the Heavenly Father, the authors that I wish to write about, though they do speak a little about God, I am writing on their influence on the Indian culture as well as the impact the Indians have made in Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca’s, Mary Rowlandson’s and Samson Occom’s lives.†¦show more content†¦Cabeza de Vaca writes, â€Å"After this we had a hot argument with them (the Christians), for they meant to make slaves of the Indians in our train.† (Pg 69) He believes the Indians are human too and are able to live the life they are ‘supposed’ to live. Although he could not get the ones he lived with to believe it; he says, â€Å"To the last I could not convince the Indians that we were of the same people as the Christian slavers.† (Pg69), he told his king and the world, and I trust we understand. I reflect that Cabeza de Vaca thought the Indians would not be converted, to any of the English ways; nor did he consider they would be annihilated. I imagine he thought they would just live their lives as they know how. Obediently. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Mary Rowlandson has a very different view about the Indians, I suppose, because she has an extremely diverse attitude while writing about them. Rowlandson, at first, thought of the Indians as barbarians, and I expect she still thought that way after her return to her husband, but she became a part of them, without wanting to be willing to, but having to, mainly to stay alive. I feel she knows she is part of the Indians way of living, but she cannot bring herself to say they are not barbarians, although she realizes she is becoming just like them with the eating of their foods and learning their language. â€Å"It was upon aShow MoreRelatedAnne Bradstreet and Ralph Waldo Emerson600 Words   |  3 Pages Anne Bradstreet and Ralph Waldo Emerson The first biography of an author is Anne Bradstreet. Anne Bradstreet appears in the Puritan timeline in early 17th century. She was born and raise by the Dudley family in the Northampton, England. During her lifetime event, her writing style is very basic with very detail information and unmaintained of the life natural. Also she used the advance vocab to apply into the book for average people to make sense in her own bookRead MoreHistorical Settings Of Apocalyptic Texts1745 Words   |  7 Pagesand traditions. One of the ways in which people did this was by writing texts to define who they were, where they came from, and what they stood for. Jewish authors during the second temple period used the historical settings in their writings to forward agendas, which were often shaped by present concerns. These historical settings were sometimes fallacious and were written not to accurately depict past events, but to validate authors’ experiences and agendas in their present society. The historicalRead MoreThe Meaning of Silence and Meditation 999 Words   |  4 PagesChristian spiritual writings are texts that help us connect to our spirituality and they also hold various themes or messages. Some recurring themes that have been uncovered from a number of texts are; meditation, silence, connecting to God and spirituality. Two themes that are fundamental are silence and meditation. In meditation we find silence difficult but this is a factor that we need to work on because it is very important. A hypothesis has been created that will assist in critiquing and evaluatingRead MoreThe Documentary Hypothesis Of The Bible1026 Words   |  5 PagesThe Documentary Hypothesis Throughout the decades the traditional belief of the author of the first five books in the Hebrew Bible is believed to be Moses. The Pentateuch is the first division of the Hebrew Bible which consists of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Contrary to traditional belief, it is thought that the Pentateuch is a conglomeration of early written documents. The Documentary Hypothesis explains the issues of how and why the Pentateuch was written. The DocumentaryRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Ralph Waldo Emerson s Nature 942 Words   |  4 PagesAnalogies Throughout many writings, authors use analogies to compare two indicated topics to one another in a more detailed evaluation. Analogies help the reader to grasp the indicated topics the author compares, giving the reader a further knowledgeable understanding of the comparison. Ralph Waldo Emerson uses numerous analogies throughout many of his writings to create a smooth assessment of the subject stipulated. The analogies used throughout Ralph Waldo Emerson’s writing entitled â€Å"Nature† givesRead MoreCriticism In The Poetry Of Anne Bradstreet Vs. Winthrop743 Words   |  3 Pagesas Puritan and defiantly questions the power of the male Hierarchy and even questioning God. In â€Å"Meditians Devine and Moral† she says â€Å"If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant: if we did not sometimes taste of adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome† We can see the amount of humbleness and how open she is to new things in this writing. Her lov e of nature is also displayed in the writings. It is believed that her passion for the physical word and the spiritual world often causedRead MoreDefinition of Literature1320 Words   |  6 Pagessurrounding real events, people, and places. Examples include history books, memoirs, biographies, newspapers, self-help, devotionals, and textbooks. Literature can also be writings based not on truth, but on the imagination and creativity of the author. This includes fiction novels and children story books. A lot of times authors of fiction will get their idea from a real life event and then they allow their imagination to recreate the characters and plot. Aside from being fiction or non-fictionRead MoreGod, Science, And Imagination991 Words   |  4 PagesWendell Berry in â€Å"God, Science, and Imagination† condemns the central theme – nonexistence of God of Steven Weinberg’s essay â€Å"Without God†. The critique is all about his discontentment of Weinberg’s argument and says it is just Weinberg’s opinion and everyone has right to put forward his/her opinion but he refuted the notion of nonexistence of immaterial soul and God when science is just to prove or disprove the material existence of the universe. From the very beginning the author puts forward hisRead MoreThe Tyger, The Lamb and Lord of the Rings1031 Words   |  4 Pagesmany different things can be taken away about the author’s thoughts religion, nature, and the battle between good and evil in one’s mind. In the novel, The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R Tolkien, there is seemingly a lot left up in the air about religion and the symbolism of nature, but when read the way the author intended, there are a few very strong themes that resemble those portrayed in â€Å"The Tyger† and â€Å"The Lamb†. Throughout the writings, the two authors portray nature in a way that allows it toRead MoreAn Integral Part Of All Modern Societies1011 Words   |  5 Pagesdefinite way their faith was structured. They believed in the concept of predestination - the concept that â€Å"God pre-determined all events in the world long before they happened†, as well as the notion of original sin - that â€Å"every person is a sinner by virtue of being human†. This lead to their life revolving around proving to yourself and the ones around you that you have been chosen by god to be saved. Another important point in the Puritan doctrine is that due to the concepts of predestination

Analysis Of Cornelia De Lange s Syndrome - 2171 Words

Abstract Cornelia de Lange is a syndrome defined as a genetic birth defect and effects 1 in every 10,000 births. A genetic mutation of gene has been identified as the cause although research and testing continue. There is no cure and treatment is based on each individual’s severity of the syndrome. The classic signs are long eyelashes, eyebrows that meet in the middle, low ear placement, and missing fingers or arms. A large amount of those diagnosed with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome also have slowed physical and cognitive development, with approximately 60% exhibiting self-injurious behavior. CORNELIA DE LANGE Cornelia de Lange So far the pregnancy has been a wonderful experience. Mild morning sickness, very little weight†¦show more content†¦The exam completes and the obstetrician enters the room with a small smile along with concern showing in her eyes. Long eyelashes that are visible in an ultrasound have been linked to a genetic condition known as, Cornelia de Lange. While there are many more classic characteristics, that will be discussed later in this paper, this one feature along with the baby’s small size has the doctor concerned and is cause enough to recommend genetic testing for an exact diagnosis. CORNELIA DE LANGE Diagnosis for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLs) consists of genetic testing, as well as findings made from physical and developmental observations. As with most syndromes, CdLs has a range from mild to severe. There are classic signs like small size, long eyelashes, eyebrows that meet in the middle, and missing fingers or arms. Other children are so mildly affected, the condition goes unnoticed and undiagnosed. Many individuals diagnosed with CdLs have a majority of physical, medical, and developmental disabilities. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, a battery of tests will follow. With the results, a better picture of needed treatments, education, and useful resources can be provided. Educating families and caregivers has been shown to increase the quality of life for the individuals diagnosed with CdLs. Providing information as to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Economic Profile Of Brazil And Brazil - 1647 Words

Stephen Lavely 3-22-16 Col-299 Jacqueline Gray Economic Profile of Brazil Brazil is the fifth largest country in size and in population (worldbank.org). Brazil officially gained it s independence from Portuguese rule in 1822 (worldbank.org). The population of Brazil is approximately 206.1 million, according to worldbank.org. In fact, it is by far the most populated and largest country in South America. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. Brazil is located in South America on the eastern coast and takes up a large area on the continent. It also has the largest economy. It s economy has a very big impact on the rest of the world on a daily basis. It has â€Å"well-developed agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors, and a rapidly expanding middle class (cia)†. Since 2003, Brazil has been steadily improving it s economy and expanded it s presence greatly. Then in 2007 to 2008, they experienced another growth surge. During this time their GDP was around 7.5%, which is fairly high. In recent years, Braz il s GDP has decreased due to a wealth of factors. Brazil, unfortunately, emerged with an â€Å"overdependence on exports of raw commodities, low productivity, high operational costs, persistently high inflation, and low levels of investment (cia)†. In the past few years, from 2013 to 2016, their GDP growth rate has reached historic lows. Their GDP growth rate reached 4.8%. According to worldbank.com, in 2015 Brazil had a GDP growth rate of 3.8%. BrazilShow MoreRelatedComparing The Economic Profiles Of Brazil And France1677 Words   |  7 PagesEC4001/AP4001 Macroeconomic Report: Comparing the Economic Profiles of Brazil and France Daniel Williams K1355702 Table of Contents Page 1 Summary Page 2 Introduction Page 3 Macroeconomic Comparisons: GDP Page 4 Macroeconomic Comparisons: Activities in Trade Page 5 Macroeconomic Comparisons: Living Standards Page 6 Macroeconomic Comparisons: Labour Productivity Page 7 Conclusion Page 8 References Summary France and Brazil have shown to have different economies, butRead MoreBrazilian Economy708 Words   |  3 PagesBrazil Brazil is one of South America’s most influential and powerful Countries, and leading its cause to become one of the world’s most influential counties. Brazil is one of the BRICS countries. BRICS refers to Brazil Russia India China and South Africa becoming economic figures due to their newly advanced economic development. Much of brazil’s increase in wealth comes down to the vast amount of natural resources in the country such as Iron ore a resource craved by many large manufacturing nationsRead MoreBrazil : A Large South American Country1528 Words   |  7 PagesBrazil is a large South American country. Rio de Janeiro, the symbol Christ the Redeemer statue atop Mount Corcovado, is well-known for its busy Copacabana and Ipanema beaches as well as its vast, raucous Carnaval festival, featuring parade floats, flamboyant costumes and samba music and dance. The United States is larger than Brazil. However, some map projections minimize the size of Brazil compared to the United States, the two countries are actually rather close in terms of total area. ConsideredRead MoreEssay on Brazil Unemployment Rate1017 Words   |  5 PagesRunning Head: Brazil Unemployment Rate 1 Brazil Unemployment Rate Students name: AIU Brazil Unemployment Rate 2 Abstract Discussion of macroeconomics and Brazil’s unemployment rate and how it concerns its economy. Brazil Unemployment Rate 3 Brazil Unemployment Rate Macroeconomics is the study of the movement, trends, and changes in the economy over time as a whole (http://moya.bus.miami.edu/). Over the years South America has built their economy from poverty toRead MoreI.P. Wk1 Econ Essays840 Words   |  4 PagesAs an employee of the World Bank, you have been asked to research 1 economic concern in a South American country and write a report on your findings. Select a South American country to research. Select one of the following economic concerns to research: Quantities of specific goods and services Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Unemployment Inflation Research data sets for the 1 economic concern within the South American country that you have chosen. In a 3à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å"4 page report, answer theRead MoreBrazil : A Snapshot Of Brazil1168 Words   |  5 PagesA Snapshot of Brazil Capital Brasilia Largest city Sà £o Paulo Ethnic groups (2010) 47.73% White 43.13% Pardo 7.61% Black 1.09% Asian 0.43% Amerindian Official languages Portuguese Demonym Brazilian Government Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic Total area 8,515,767 km2 or 3,287,597 sq mi (5th in the world) Population Density 23.7/km2 or 61.5/sq mi (192nd in the world) Population (2014) 202,656,788 (5th in the world) GDP (nominal) total $2.215 trillion (7th in the world)Read MoreThe Impact Of Rapid Population Growth On Brazil s Economy1246 Words   |  5 Pages Population Growth in Brazil 1. The impact of impact of rapid population growth on Brazil’s economy. a. Rapid Human Population Growth Population growth is the change in population over a given period of time. Research suggests that the world’s poorest countries have faster population grows. Historically, high fertility rates strongly correlate with poverty. Brazil is estimated to have a population of 203 million people. Brazil’s population is expected to grow to 203 million to 226 millionRead MoreThe Economic Effects of Mega-Events in Brazil789 Words   |  3 Pagesand the state. Can sports mega events help Brazil finally reach its economic goals? The Brazilian government has introduced a program that accentuates myriad of infrastructure projects in transportation, ports, electricity, sewage-treatment plants and other facilities, because for decades the deficiency in infrastructure has haltered Brazil’s economy. Low levels of investment continue to be a key explanatory variable hindering medium-term growth in Brazil, which is evident from low investment to GDPRead MoreThe Bop Of Brazil1130 Words   |  5 PagesThe BOP of Brazil (exhibit 5) shows that since 2000 the country was constantly a net exporter until 2014. The profile of its exports consists mainly of raw materials such as crude oil, iron, raw sugar, soybeans, etc. The collapse of commodities prices (exhibit 9) in the middle of 2014 reduced the ability of Brazil’s economy to end 2014 with a positive current account. The fall of oil prices also strongly contributed to that and Brazilian economy finished 2014 with a deficit in the Balance of goodsRead More Global Business : Franchising Of Brazil1713 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal Business - Franchising in Brazil 1. Country Background 1.1 Brazil - Federative Republic of Brazil 1.2 Neighboring countries include Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela (â€Å"Country Report – Brazil,† 2015). 1.3 The territorial size of the country is 8,515,800 sq. km 1.4 Brazil’s population is 201,032,714 (â€Å"Country Report – Brazil,† 2015). 1.5 Brazil’s political system is a federal republic and its Constitution confers powers to

The Juvenile Justice System - 1313 Words

Today s concept of the juvenile justice system is relatively new due to significant modifications in policy overtime. The justice system has been trying to figure out effective ways to treat juvenile criminal offenders successfully for years. The justice system did not always have a special category for juveniles and their crime. Juveniles was once treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments. The juvenile court was the culmination of efforts of the positivist criminologists and Progressive activists. It was designed to address the individual needs of delinquent children, provide care and rehabilitation, and ensure that they could go on to live lawful, productive lives. The Illinois legislature†¦show more content†¦Up until the 1960 s the juvenile court system did not have constitutional legal rights. According to Filler (2006), In re Gault, the Court held that juveniles prosecuted in juvenile courts were entitled to many procedural p rotections previously denied children. This case signaled the end of the unbridled discretion of juvenile court judges to conduct their hearings and trials in the manner described by Judge Mack at the beginning of the century. This case made it that all juveniles facing criminal charges had constitutional rights. In 1974, the U.S. congress passed the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act that protects juveniles in the justice system. Since then, Americans have adopted the get tough on crime legislation in order to strengthen juvenile laws. There are several critiques of the juvenile justice system. While some feel that the justice system is an achievement, others believe that the justice system does not implement their original policy and procedures. Many believe that courts are overwhelmed with cases and overworked volunteers and cannot successfully treat juvenile offenders. Juvenile delinquency risk factors In order to successfully treat juvenile offender we must first understand the different factors that contributed to their criminal behavior. We know that there is no underlined path to juvenile offending

Flashbulb Memory Essay Example For Students

Flashbulb Memory Essay Violence in the MediaBefore the average American chld leaves elementry school, researchers estemate the have witnessd 8.000 murders on television, is it really a question why America is the world leader in real crime and violence? (Frontline exmines Impact of Television on Scocioty in Does TV kill)A growing body of research suports theorys that explain how exposure to medi violence would activate agressive attitudes ins ome chldren. Humans begin immitating other individuals at a very early age (Violnce in the media and its effects on youth violence.)Childerens role models are from TV, what child doesent want to be a Ninja Turtle or spider man for halloween? My brother always loved Looney Toons and watched it every day whe he was a child, every day he watched the Wildly Cioty get blown up or bugs buny trick elmur fud into a death trap. watching a lot of violence via the media may mean children adults may demonstrate more aggressive behaviour themselves, or they may have more approvin g attitudes towards the use of violence to resolve conflicts(http://www.mediaknowall.com/violence/effectsnotes.html)Children spend more time with the TV then with friends or with family.There are so many different kinds of violent shows on television these days, it seems as if violence apeals to every kind of veiwer. Violence is glorifide in cartoons lke SpiderMan or Xman, or in the WWF, even reality TV shows glorify violence. It seem the more explosions and shootings are in a TV show, the more kids fallow it. Think of what clips they put in preveiws to get you to watch, big explosion after big exposion.Violence sells. Humans become Immune to things they are consantly exposed to. If you were constanlt exposed to voilence you are going to become numb to it. Desensitiation-exposure to media violence may mean children in particular become less sensitive to violence occuring around them, and less sensitive to the pain and suffering that violence causes to others. They also have less se nsitive views on acceptable levels of violence in society ie they are prepared to tolerate more (http://www.mediaknowall.com/violence/effectsnotes.html)Chidren see so much violence on TV they may block it out in the real world, accept it, or think vioolence is ok. It had been proven by a scientist called Leonard Eron that their is a positve corritlation between children who watch more violent shows at home, and how much they get in trouble at school.(Frontline exmines Impact of Television on Scocioty in Does TV kill) Research showed that familys who veiw TV frequently, and let their kids watch what they want, have more problems with their childs behavior in school. Chldrens wos parents moniter their veiwing have shown to have segnificantly less problems. Also children with problems at shcool who have had their TV privlages revoced have shown a qucker behvior change. With so much proof that their is a lin betwwen the media and violcen in children, its hard to beleive parents let chldrenw atch so much TV. A growing body of research suports theorys that explain how exposure to medi violence would activate agressive attitudes ins ome chldren. Humans begin immitating other individuals at a very early age (Violnce in the media and its effects on youth violence.)Chldren link TV wth reality. They dont know big birs cant talk and cookie wonsters are just pretend. They dont know theirs no gotham city and that Bat man wont come and save the day. Because of thee fact they think things on TV are real, it leads them to beleive that their actualy is as much voilence in the real world, and is acceptes as much as is protrayed on TV. this is called mean world syndrome. Mean world syndrome Watching large amounts of violence on TV may lead children and adults to believe that the real world contains this amount of pain and violence, and therefore they begin to view their environment as a mean and dangerous place. (http://www.mediaknowall.com/violence/effectsnotes.html) It is also a question of how much TV they watch. If a child is watching so much TV, and not spending their time with other activites, they are obveously going to learn more from the television then a child who spends more time interacing with other people. Excessive childhood involvment with elevtronice media that limit scocial interaction could hinder the brain scocial system. ( The effects of electornic media on a developing brain)Many People argue that violence in the media is not the cause of violce in children. Statisstcs have undoughable proven otherwise. it has been proven that the kids who watch more are more violent. t is proven that the kids who dont have restraints in what they watch display more angry behavior. It is proven tha kids who have their Tv privilages taken away reform their behavior. With all this proof, we can not deny that although their are toher factors contributing to violence in children, TV violnce id definatly a contributing factor. .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 , .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .postImageUrl , .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 , .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:hover , .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:visited , .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:active { border:0!important; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:active , .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3 .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ubf6948310ae5c82e9ad406d7adb3bae3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Booker T. 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